The best option for Israel would be to get rid of their nuclear weapons. Israel faces numerous choices in handling Iran’s nuclear weapon program. There have recently been talks of a military strike to halt Iran’s nuclear program since Iran does not have second-strike capabilities.
However, a strike would only give rise to retaliation from Iran and terrorist groups such as Hamas and Hezbollah against Israel. A strike would also provide justification and motivation for Iran’s pursuance of nuclear weapons. The costs of militarily striking Iran greatly outweigh the possible extermination of the program, which makes it illogical. However since Iran’s nuclear weapons are a concern with high issue indivisibility, war is still a possibility because issue indivisibility often causes states to overlook the costs.
Conversely, Israel giving up their nuclear weapons could cause a ripple effect in the Middle East. “Iran has been calling for a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East since 1974 and perceives the Israeli arsenal as a great threat” (Bar-Joseph), so if Israel gave up their weapons, “Iran will have no choice but to support the initiative” (Bar-Joseph). Also, Israel’s nuclear weapon is not a significant part of its defense. The reason opposing countries keep from taking up arms against Israel is not their weapon, but the United States’ support for Israel. The only time the weapon would become important is if Iran or another state in the region obtained a nuclear weapon and this can be prevented by Israel giving up their weapons.